Recent treatment shows that heart attacks are also prevalent in younger generations
Most of us are exposed to heart attack by genetics. Consultant Physician & Cardiologist from PPUKM, Dr Hamat Hamdi Che Hassan mentions that it has been affecting the younger generations of late.
“It’s very scary, we as a tertiary centre providing medical services, we see a lot of younger generation suffering from
sudden cardiac arrest,” he says. “Other than genetic influence, there are other external factors to rationalise the occurrence,” he continues.
“As it is, our nation is plagued by the risk of hypertension and majority of the general public have high cholesterol – leading to an obese population due to the exposure of high cholesterol intake,” he explains. According to the doctor, the youngest heart attack victim that was brought under his care was at 19 years old.
Heart attack happens when the blood flow to the heart is obstructed. It is often caused by fat blockage, narrowing the arteries that transport blood to the heart, called the coronary arteries. A heart attack can cause the heart to lose some of its function and can be fatal in some cases.
Trans fat is one of the main culprit when it comes to fat consumption. It raises the bad cholesterol level in our blood, causing the good cholesterol level to drop in our stream. A diet consisting of trans fat can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
“In some cases; there are people who are not obese but because of genetics, they might have a higher level of cholesterol in their blood. Some people are not aware as the symptoms might not show,” he explains.
The doctor advises younger generations, especially the fresh graduates to get their cholesterol levels checked. “Especially those who have a genetic exposure or familial hyper-cholesterol in their blood stream,” he says. “While it may come from their genetic background, we can prevent it by controlling our calorie intake in our everyday meal,” he concludes.
— The Health Plus
Palm oil not linked to increase in cholesterolResearchers have reviewed the effects of the major fatty acids in palm oil and found that they had no high cholesterol effects
A classic misconception found with patients with cardiovascular disease, is to eat little cholesterol and little fat.Palm oil, which has a good balance between saturated and unsaturated fats, is also a victim of these prejudices. We met up with Dr Verna Lee Kar Mun, Consultant Family Physician at IMU Medical Clinic to find out the truth about palm oil.
“This study was conducted with our PhD student, Dr Voon Phooi Tee as the main researcher. Focusing on cardiovascular health, we compared palm oil alongside other oils. The objective was to observe their cholesterol levels; LDL cholesterol the unhealthy cholesterol and HDL, the good cholesterol, and triglyceride level. My task in the study was to ensure the patients we were feeding the oil to be healthy and to take their blood,” explains Dr Verna.
“What we found was there was not much of a difference in elevation in LDL cholesterol when consuming palm oil or other oils. We also did a meta-analysis (a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies) to find out whether a saturated fatty acid–rich palm olein diet has any significant adverse effect on established surrogate lipid markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We compared it with other oils such as coconut oil, lard, canola oil, high-oleic sunflower oil, olive oil, peanut oil, and soybean oil.”
Published in the Advances in Nutrition in May 2019, the conclusion of the meta-analysis study was that there are no significant differences in the effects of palm olein
intake on the cholesterol markers compared with other dietary oils. This shows that oils such as olive oil are not superior to palm oil.
— The Health Plus